The Best Alliances are No-Brainers
Best practice of the week: 1.3.3 Affiliations
The pandemic forced managers to look for new “partners” in their markets and supply chains. But how to find out if the relationship will last? Organizations might affiliate to create a competitive advantage or mitigate a risk. Common affiliations (or “strategic alliances”) are for marketing, research or servicing a market. While less formal than a joint venture, affiliating is still a serious commitment of time, energy and expectations: unless you write down each party’s expectations and contributions, you’ll be certain to have a bad breakup.
THE CENTER’S BEST PRACTICE OF THE WEEK: 1.3.3 Affiliation
Definition of affiliation: “Creating, monitoring and managing an informal arrangement with another entity for a specific purpose.”
- Economies of scale – reduce costs by consolidating operations
- Expanding the customer base
- Pooling capital and resources for joint projects
- Low-cost entry into a market – can also block a competitive threat and/or be considered as an option
- Acquiring needed expertise
- Partner does not fulfill commitments
- Inordinate loss of autonomy
- Difficulties in withdrawing
- Environment projected for the timeframe of alliance changes too quickly
Conditions for a successful affiliation
- Critical to a big goal of each party, i.e., it has a serious and accepted purpose
- Detailed agreement - clear delineation of responsibilities, contributions and contingencies
- Similar organizational cultures
- Clear governance structures and lines of communication including performance review and conflict resolution
- Inherent trust – a large contributor is a good track record by each party
Key metrics: Must be precisely agreed upon beforehand and used for accountability
Click the image below for the resources approved by our Review Board.
3 Good Questions (to discuss in a management meeting)
- See also questions for 1.3.2 Joint Venture.
- How much control should one affiliate have over another?
- What issues should the affiliates keep separate?
The Center has two tools that help affiliations succeed. Click for samples and instructions: Competitor Grid and Integration Checklist. An hour spent in preparation will not only avert disappointment but will probably find even more ways the two organizations can help each other.
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The Center for Management Terms & Practices helps managers at all levels work cross-functionally because success depends on everyone working together. We train everyone in the standard terms, tools and practices of management: see The GMs Index and The GMs Toolkit.